Course 4 Final Project | Unit Design

As COETAIL course four draws to a close, participants were asked to draw up a proposal/plan for course five’s final project – designing, teaching and reflecting upon a unit incorporating the learning from the previous four COETAIL courses.

My Teaching Context

I teach and lead the grade four team at an IB PYP curriculum international school in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The team is comprised of mostly new homeroom teachers with varying degrees of experience with the PYP.

These perspectives provide a great opportunity to design and construct new, contextual units that are relevant to the learners that are “ours” and not just “this is what we did previously.”

So whilst this assignment asks for a unit of teaching that is self-designed, it is not that simple in my context. This is a good thing. Whilst I will do my best to persuade my team to use some or all of these ideas, here are some factors that may shift the outcome/trajectory of the unit:

  • PYP units are planned in response to what the learners are telling us. Planning stems from initial provocation data, then evolves to thinking about the first line of inquiry, which leads to more listening and observing what our learners are telling us, which informs the next learning sequences. Yes, units of inquiry are planned with intentionality, but planning is never black and white in an environment that honours student agency (ie respecting voice, choice and ownership).
  • We are a large team – Six homeroom teachers and more support staff. No unit is ever the sole idea of one person. It must include all, including our learners.
  • The pandemic: We’re still not face-to-face. Parents like some sense of uniformity in the experience across classrooms, which is particularly transparent through an online context. Therefore, more than ever, all members need to be similarly on the same page in terms of curricular instruction.
  • The pace of learning online is slower; therefore some of the unit’s aspirations may need to shift to more realistic expectations.
  • The pandemic, in terms of cases, may improve and there’s a possibility of children returning to face-to-face learning. If this happens, the most important “learning” will be that of re-socialization, setting new norms and relationships first. Therefore, the proposed unit may not go to plan. This is okay as relationships and well-being always trump curriculum. Maslow before Bloom.

COETAIL Learning Transfer

Key learning from COETAIL that I have intentionally embedded in this proposed unit are:

  • Co-construction of success criteria with students
  • Student agency in personally meaningful guided inquiries and in the way to demonstrate knowledge at the end of the unit via the brochure medium.
  • Incorporating the ISTE Standards – particularly Knowledge Constructor and Creative Communicator
  • Collaborative planning, teaching and learning
  • Thoughtful and intentional design to make learning engagements more accessible and aesthetically pleasing for the intended audience.

The Proposed Unit

Link to the original document

A Guiding Precept for this Unit

It’s important to address that a key desired outcome of this unit is for students to understand the shared or collective responsibility piece in terms of how humans can be actionable at taking steps towards climate change. Since this unit has the potential to be “doom and gloom” for our students, I always like to lead any “Sharing the Planet” planning with this excellent quote from environmental educator and author, David Sobel.

Some leaving questions

  • Is there anything above that I have not clearly communicated?
  • After reading the above, do you have any suggestions to make this unit better (e.g. resources, ideas, etc)?

Empowering Self-Efficacious Learners

As COETAIL wraps up course four’s inquiry into “New Pedagogies for Deep Learning”, the premise or focus of this week was thinking about how to transfer theory into practice.

Again, a common thread that continues to stand out is that of developing self-efficacy in our learners. Essentially, empowering our learners to be in the driver’s seat of their own learning, or, as Hattie suggests, “the ultimate goal of students becoming their own teachers” (2012; in Fullan & Langworthy, 2014, p. 45).

A focus on learning dispositions

As we move away from more rote, 20th-century practices, the role of the teacher is less sage on the stage and more guide on the side. Relationships first, knowing our learners, listening to their interests and needs, then being responsive in our craft. Maslow before Bloom.

“It’s about letting go.”

Letting go of “how we learnt” or “did things” and also letting go of the 20th-century philosophies on pedagogy that still pervade schools around the world today. Philosophies like compliance and submission.

It’s about trusting and listening to our learners. Developing skills of learning how to learn, rather than ticking boxes toward task accomplishment. More time on formative feedback and less time on the summative.

I could rant on forever here, but visuals do speak more than words.

What could “letting go” look like?

One person who always provokes my thinking, and many others around the globe, is Edna Sackson. Her blog is an excellent resource to frequent regularly when thinking about “unleashing deep learning”. Like most of her posts, they are generally short but sweet provocations to spark curiosity on various topics of modern pedagogy, particularly relating to inquiry teaching.

In the visual above, which appears in this post, Edna summarizes a more modern view of “release of responsibility”. In a way, it’s a design thinking approach. Observing and empathizing, then responding. Moving away from previous models of teaching that may look like this.

Nothing sums up the message of Edna’s first visual above more beautifully, than this Thai pineapple ice cream commercial:

After you watch this video, think of how the mother (i.e. the child’s teacher) is empowering her child …

  • to be self-efficacious (i.e. in the driver’s seat of her own learning)?
  • with 21st-century skills of learning how to learn by inquiring, taking risks, seeking feedback and using design thinking?
  • to learn in an authentic context, in a way that is transdisciplinary (ie not isolated to one subject)?

One personal example to share

For many of us educators around the globe, it’s reporting time. What a wonderful opportunity to honour the voices of your learners, empower them to develop skills of goal setting, metacognition through reflection and more.

How? Well here is something simple that I do.

Starting with a conversation, I let my students know that reports are coming up soon and that I’d rather honour their voices, than my sole voice in their reports.

Next, I shared with my learners my thinking and ask for their feedback. Then, we came up with a solution. To be more specific, we thought about the sections of the report and how to make things as simple as possible.

To simplify this example, let’s just look at what we came up with for the reading section. In the reports, this section calls for a star and a next step for the child. No grades. After this discussion, my learners and I reviewed and brainstormed all the reading skills we practiced throughout the semester (which come from our reading curriculum). Once we had the skills listed, I constructed a Google Form with them. Basically, the Form had the skills listed. In the “star” question, students select the skill they grew the most in this year, with a follow-up question asking them to ground their argument with a specific example.  The second “step” question was the same as the first, but it was about a skill that they needed to develop further and explain why.

In sum, I put full trust in my learners, “let go”, and honoured their voices. In return, they made my heart full with their honest and detailed responses.

Their responses demonstrated that truly knew themselves as learners 🙂

Here are visuals of a student response for each of the two questions:

Starting your next teaching day!

As I bid you farewell, dear reader, I implore you to ask this question below as frequently, as I do. Trevor MacKenzie and Dr. John Spencer both are known for saying this quote. May it resonate with you as deeply as it does for me!

Turtles without shells – Being vulnerable with educational technology

How do we start unleashing the power of deep learning?

What a wonderful initial provocation for this week’s learning in COETAIL, course four!

Turtles without Shells

My deep dive into the resources this week started off by watching Brené Brown’s, Daring Classrooms (2017):

This analogy that Brené uses, “Turtles without Shells”, relates to the vulnerability we must embrace as learners. When we remove our protective armour, and stimulate an environment which encourages others to do so, it creates an idyllic environment for risk taking and learning.

One way Brené posits we can do this is through empathy and gratitude. Gratitude does change things, particularly when shifting our, innately human, hardwired negativity bias.

This is particularly topical at present for me where my current teaching context for this school year has not been face-to-face. As social learners by nature, home-based learning can wear down even the most positive of spirits. However, whenever I, or my students, find ourselves in a slump over our present context, it’s a good opportunity to be “vulnerable”. We do this by addressing one’s feelings as human, without judgement. In conversation, we think about what is being advocated, then, we look for opportunities to turn that into something we can be grateful for. For example, a response of “When can we learn again in person?”, could be followed up with, “In a breakout room, let’s chat about two to three things we can be thankful about with technology during this time.”

Brené’s video offers some great introspection to be “vulnerable”. The message has great reach and is not just limited to reflection upon our pedagogical practice.

Unleashing deep learning with Educational Technology

Embedded in our anchor text for this course, “A Rich Seam: How New Pedagogies Find Deep Learning” (Fullan & Langworthy, 2014), was this gem of a video. It includes some legends in education like Sugata Mitra, Salman Khan and more. Almost a decade old and yet the message is still so topical to teaching and learning today:

I’m a huge fan of Sugata Mitra – he reminds me a lot of Seymour Papert. In this video, Mitra advocates that schools need to move away from the “3Rs” in education. He even makes the profound argument that learning arithmetic, in general, is antiquated. Sugata suggests that reading comprehension and effective online research skills are the key gateway skills for the future. He also illuminates that children need an “armour against doctrine” of any kind – whether it be political, religious, and etcetera.

This video is definitely thought-provoking. Just imagine how progressive these ideas would have been ten years ago!

Creating collaboratively = Redefinition with Educational Technology

Getting further into the resources, there was a nice marriage between Dr. Ruben Puentedura’s SAMR Model and the readings in Fullan & Langworthy (2014). This connection, I thought, was illustrated beautifully in the latter on page 31:

I really love the simplicity of this graphic. Essentially, this could lead to an excellent guiding precept for all educators when considering the efficacy of their pedagogical practice with the use of educational technology. This precept is, “How can I create more opportunities for my learners to work together to recreate what they’ve learnt creatively, perhaps for a different audience?”. Even more effective when paired with, “Could the tool provide opportunities for this task to be done asynchronously and collaboratively beyond the walls of this school?”.

Fullan & Langworthy (2014; p. 35), also quite succinctly define the role of technology…

Definitely provides a sound argument for a 1:1 device policy in upper primary and beyond.

To close up on this inquiry into unleashing deep learning, I’ll leave you with just one of many small snippets of sage wisdom from one of my all-time favourite inspirational educational thought leaders, Seymour Papert.

Learning deeply with agency and digital technology

Diving deeper into Fullan and Langworthy‘s readings this week (2014), the parts that again resonated with me are those of voice, choice and ownership in learning.

How do you involve students in the process of learning?

This made me think of our current unit of inquiry, “How we express ourselves”.

After the initial provocation of looking at a variety of creators’ messages composed in different media, we came together as teachers and synthesized what our learners were telling us in terms of their prior knowledge.

After listening to our learners’ voices and prior knowledge from the provocation, as teachers, we were able to construct lines of inquiry (and more) to meet learners where they were at.

To simplify this post, we’ll fast forward a few weeks of learning. Through learning engagements (and even a guest storyteller from Australia), students developed a better understanding of audience, communication skills, and how our audience influences the way we communicate (i.e. our central idea).

It was now time to think about the summative task that would empower students to showcase their newfound knowledge.

What our learners were telling us

Quite a few of our students, through regular student voice surveys, had advocated that it would be “cool” to do a talent show. This little nugget of data was the catalyst to the summative task – “Studio 4’s Got Talent”!

Together, with the students, we looked at the unit, reviewed the key learning, and then co-constructed a GRASPS statement (McTighe and Wiggins, 2010) together.

Here are some of the ways, by incorporating the voices of the learners, we’ve embedded ample choice into this task:

  • Work independently or with a peer
  • Present any talent, skill and/or passion
  • Choose your audience from three possible options (peers, adults or both)
  • Decide on your main purpose (persuade, inform or entertain)
  • Select three out of the six communications skills that you have been learning about (e.g. gestures, eye contact, speed of voice, poise, etc) that you used for your selected audience
  • Decide how you want your audience to feel

Engaged or Empowered?

Our talent show is this coming week.

Students are engaged as they know the pathways to success well. As Hattie (2012; in Fullan and Langworthy, 2014) posits…

Because the task is super rich in agency (voice, choice and ownership) right down to the success criteria, kids are not only engaged — they’re empowered.

The submission medium – Flipgrid

Our current context is home-based learning. We chose Flipgrid as our submission medium as it deepens the learning, digitally, in many ways:

  • it provided equity for voices – more introverted students can present at a time and space most comfortable for them without a large physical audience present,
  • the ability to put a time limit requirement (task is 3 min or less),
  • the user interface is simple in terms of ease of access and simplicity of use for our students,
  • all stakeholders could access privately,
  • free for our intended purpose,
  • meets the data security requirements in terms of student privacy,
  • allows our learners to “perform” asynchronously,
  • gives listeners choice in what performances they want to watch, and
  • since it is asynchronous and documented in one space, it provides greater audience access (other classes can and will provide feedback, loved ones of the performers can watch and provide feedback asynchronously, too).

The assessment

This, the students will own, too.

Simple statements and reflections stemming from the success criteria that we co-constructed.

Success criteria that they’ve known for weeks and have multiple experiences and practices so that every learner can be successful.

Here is a modelled example of what this will look like, along with the student response sheet, which students can respond using text, voice or video in their Seesaw portfolio:


Questions to ponder for you, dear reader…

  • What is something that you could co-construct with your learners next week? Any time you’re entering the thought of rubrics and/or success criteria, this is a great time to “let go” and involve your learners in the process.
  • How can you better tap into the creativity of all of your learners? How can you open up choices in the task to allow for this?
  • Which independent tasks could be changed so that they focus more on collaboration?
  • How can you tap into the interest of the students more frequently? How often are you entertaining these “voice” opportunities for your students?

Are we in the 21st century… yet?!

This week’s readings made me feel a bit like I was travelling back in time… DeLorean Time &, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Seriously though, what century are we living in? Is Frederick Taylor’s Factory Model of education still so pervasive and pernicious in Canada and USA as Fullan & Langley (2014) posit? If it is, boy am I glad I’m an international educator.

I can’t empathize with this nonsense and, yeah, I guess that’s why we need constant provocations from disruptors like Will Richardson. It’s like a portal back to “Reaganomics” and “No Child Left Behind”.

“The Achievement Gap” – 🤣

I’m sure you’ve heard the voices — “The pandemic serves as this great provocation to change things!”

However, here we stand. How many schools have changed or just gone back to “the way we do things”.

Ultimately, my point here is, we don’t need to “Close the gap”, we just need to be human in this endeavour of teaching and learning. Learning alongside our learners, putting relationships first, fostering leadership and empowerment in our learners, being more of a mentor rather than a sage on the stage.

This is a conversation about human agency in learning; not coercion, compliance, and the making of robots eating the proverbial slop, like it or not.

Agency… yes AGENCY

It is not something we “give” or “let” people have. It is something only taken away.

The problem is, most adults (and parents) of this generation, including myself, grew up in a doctrine of compliance. Bred for a previous century to be robots of the industrial revolution. This fosters a mindset of, “Well, it worked for me!”, when it comes to many of these children, turned educators, in their approaches to pedagogy (and in the parents, too).

This wheel was broken and, yes….needed some serious fixing. I hope we can speak in the past tense here.

I’ve been an IB PYP educator now for almost a decade, a curriculum that centers itself on inquiry-based learning, agency and authentic learning.

My teacher education was over a decade ago in New Zealand, and I can thankfully say that inquiry is very much at the core of learning there, too.

Call me ignorant, but I’m thankful that my teaching career hasn’t had exposure to being in a curriculum structure built on compliance.

The Enhanced PYP

In 2017 and 2018, the IB’s PYP really started a pivotal shift of putting Bandura’s seminal work on agency at the core, centred upon honouring voice, choice and ownership in learning, empowering learners to be self-efficacious. In other words, empowering learners to be in the driver’s seat of their own learning, summed up nicely by Mindy Slaughter, here:

This was when I really started questioning my own practice more and incorporating the precept that Edu Blogger, Vlogger and author John Spencer and Inquiry guru Trevor Mackenzie use so often:

It’s about “Letting Go”, but more about Empowerment

Look, I could go on for days about this topic which I’m extremely passionate about in education.

Just recently, I led a 30-minute nano PD for some educators on the very topic within my local PYP network, helping a former colleague, friend and PYP coordinator, Tania Mansfield, for a weekend workshop that she was leading. Here is my slide deck, which includes many excerpts from the PYP documents on agency.

I’m obviously biased, but this slide deck is a very good place to start, empowering you to make your pedagogy feel more human, Socratic, shared, co-constructed and more.

I also co-led a workshop on this very subject before the pandemic hit, at the first ever, Apple Distinguished Educator Conference in Hong Kong (November 2019; #ADKHK), with #COETAIL12 grad, and former colleague, Cindy Kaardal. Here’s a link to our slides and resources, for your perusal.

Some more current, inspiring reads on student empowerment and agency:

Questions for you:

  • What things do you co-construct with your learners?
  • What things do you currently do, that you and your learners could do together starting next week?
  • Do your learners set goals in their learning and reflect on them? If not, how could they start next week?
  • Do your learners have a voice in their reporting? If not, how could you change this?
  • Do you learners help inform the choices in how they can demonstrate their understanding? If not, how could you honour their voices starting next week?

Conceptual frameworks for purposeful EdTech integration

Funny how the stars align sometimes…

COETAIL course four kicked off with a deep dive into some edTech conceptual frameworks, and I’m presenting next week on this topic and more at a Cognita Asia regional conference next week.

Conceptual Frameworks

There were three frameworks presented in this week’s reading:

  • TPaCK
  • SAMR
  • TIM

The first two I would advocate strongly for and would rate my understanding and application of both at a mastery level.

The latter, the Technology Integration Matrix (TIM), I’ve seen a plenty, with the same reaction each time — “Meh”. Why? It’s way too verbose with too many categories. Imagine you’re a coach trying to empower someone with a simple conceptual framework. Then you throw this whopper upon your subject. The result is the antonym of empowerment, in my opinion.


TPaCK is the most widely used and practiced by me and the one I advocate the use of most. Why? It’s the “PRE & DURING” conceptual framework. Whenever you approach the planning stage of a new unit, this is when TPaCK should be posited.

This video is by far the best if you’re new to the framework — watch it now!

Here’s how I would explain it – simply. And add a little personal flavour:

CK – Content Knowledge: First, start with the content of your curriculum. Lines of inquiry, standards, etc. This is what drives the learning. This is the guided inquiry, the rigour, and more.

PK – Pedagogical Knowledge (that considers context and agency): This is where you and your team bring in your excellence in your craft, innovation and creativity to design an engaging unit WITH your learners – honouring their voices, prior knowledge and needs. Making sure the unit is personalized, rather than differentiated.

Also, this is where teachers are considering the context. For example, are your learners learning from home due to the pandemic? Is something currently happening in the world that would have an authentic fit in the unit?

TK – Technological Knowledge: This comes last on purpose. Never start with an edTech tool and try and make it fit into the curriculum and pedagogy.

Good pedagogy coupled with a rigorous curriculum that promotes guided inquiry and honours agency will reveal the edTech tools.

What I mean here, is thinking, as educators, with this question during the planning phase: “What are the variety of ways learners could demonstrate their understanding of this unit?” Spend time during the unit asking your learners the same question. Then think of robust tools or applications that could be used. For example, if the task is to create a mask in a visual arts unit that represents the cultural holiday of “Day of the Dead”, kids could use paper, canvas, Sketches School, Keynote, and, after asking your learners this question, even Minecraft.

TPaCK is the sweet spot – where all these concentric circles overlap.


Matthew Koehler, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons


This is a good reflection tool to look at how technology was (or will be) used and to reflect on ways to use it better.

Where SAMR falls short is misinterpreting the model in that all learning should be “redefined”.

Start small and dream big, especially when we’re trying to empower those adverse to embrace the purposeful integration of EdTech in their practice.

I like SAMR, but I don’t love it. Its aims are good, however.

Here’s a simple explanation, with some examples:

Substitution: Think of a worksheet and learners are just doing it online. Not the best example of purposeful use of edTech. However, if kids are learning from home and have no access to a printer, this is effective.

Augmentation: Now maybe the digital worksheet is adaptive based on responses. Meaning that the questions are a bit more unique to each user, personalizing the learning a little.

Modification: So instead of giving the learners questions on a worksheet, they could be collaboratively making their own questions, responding to a provocation like a video on a shared document.

Redefinition: After watching a provocation, learners can connect with another classroom across the globe, who are currently “living” what they are learning about. Perhaps it’s learning about how flooding impacts communities. A class in Louisiana could connect with a class in Bangladesh and compare and contrast, on one document together, whilst video conferencing, what flooding is like to them, respectively.

The SAMR Model
Lefflerd, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

In case you need another SAMR explanation perspective, John Spencer does a great job in this two-minute video:

And now time for a bonus conceptual framework…


Okay, the acronym probably isn’t the most attractive, but this matrix, developed by Royce Kimmons (2020) that builds upon the RAT framework (Hughes, Thomas, & Scharber, 2006), is probably my new favourite conceptual framework.

Through global collaboration on the upcoming keynote on EdTech mentioned at the start of this post, I can thank my partner, Tim Evans, an educational technology coach, for introducing it to me.

This image is licensed under a CC BY 3.0 license by Dr. Royce Kimmons.

This video, on Kimmon’s website, is a great place for info, on this model, and more.

Put simply, Kimmon’s posits that, to use the matrix, teachers must ask themselves two questions:

  1. What is the technology use’s effect on practice?
    • Replacement
    • Amplification
    • Transformation
  2. What are the students doing with the technology?
    • Passive
    • Interacting
    • Creating

Therefore, creative transformation (CT) would be like SAMR’s, “Redefining”.

If you have the time, I’d suggest reading this excellent publication, which includes: An exhaustive breakdown of the matrix, analysis of other models (like those mentioned above) and where they fall short, as well as tons of concrete examples like the image posted below.

Kimmons, R., Graham, C., & West, R. (2020). The PICRAT model for technology integration in teacher preparationContemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 20(1).

Some leaving questions

  • What tends to guide your purposeful integration of edTech integration?
  • Which of the above models do you like best? Justify
  • What do you want to start trying based on what you’ve read above?

I leave you today with the sage wisdom of the great educator, author and leader, George Couros on educational technology (read his books).

Course 3 Summative Project | Global Collaboration

COETAIL course three’s summative task was to collaborate in a global group with my fellow cohort. I chose to collaborate with David Berg,  Danielle Richert, and Megan Vosk once again since our last experience as a group went along so swimmingly.

We could choose to design a unit of instruction or a professional learning experience for educators. Our group chose the former since we did the latter in a previous COETAIL project.

As a group, we decided on a social-emotional well-being unit (SEL) from a digital device perspective, since it was ever so topical to our time, particularly highlighted from the pandemic.

For curricular standards, we chose those from Common Sense Education for the SEL component and the ISTE Standards for Students for much of the rest.

The unit itself is six weeks long. Below is the overview, or map (adapted by yours truly from Slidesgo), of the unit which will be shared with all stakeholders, along with the GRASPS statement.

As for any unit, it’s also important to articulate the knowledge, understanding, questions and transferable skills that go beyond the unit.

In week four of the unit we designed, communicated in the road map above, students attend workshops learning about various media in which they could communicate their message for their summative task effectively.

Week four is what our group decided to focus on expanding our talents and skills on, as this related the most to our learning in course three of #COETAIL13.

I chose to design a workshop on creating persuasive posters using CARP design principles. You can explore the slide deck here.

Some COETAIL specific reflection questions…


How did you grow as a collaborator and facilitator during Course 3?

I think refinement and consolidation are the correct words to describe my growth here. Or working towards mastery?

Whether it be work or study, I’ve been doing this for years. Some of the most transformational growth in this area was when I was studying online for five years, globally collaborating with my cohort, in order to complete my Master’s in Educational Technology from the University of British Columbia (UBC-MET).

How was this final project similar to other learning experiences you have designed/facilitated?

These would be my top tips for effective global collaboration:

  • Create a backchannel for communication: We used a group Whatsapp, but Slack has been great for other globally collaborative groups I’ve worked in, too.
  • Use a global meeting time app. I used “Around the World” on Android this time around and it worked excellently. The below picture illustrates the convenience of finding times to meet when working with team members across the globe.
  • Have a video chat early to set essential agreements, pitch proposals, and when and how often to meet.
  • Frequent feedback loops amongst members.
  • Have a final video chat to wrap things up and discuss any final next steps

How does this final project relate to what you learned in Course 3?

This project encompasses much of the learning in regards to effective communication and consideration of audience learnt in course three.

When something learnt is asked to be taught,  it adds a whole new dimension of comprehension. The content needs to be well understood in order to synthesize it and communicate it effectively to a potential new audience.

This is an important notion to remember as an educator. Albert Einstein was on to something here…

What has influenced you the most in Course 3 and how is that reflected in your final project?

For me, it is the reminder that “less is more”, when it comes to communication, regardless of audience or medium.

Creative communication has a lot to do with simplicity, synthesis and the power of visuals.

Some final food for thought to ponder…

Would you rather…

  • watch a tutorial on Youtube, with the exact same concept taught, for 5 minutes or 10 minutes, given the reviews are equal?
  • read an essay of text or view an infographic, considering the content was similar?

Breaking the cycle

This week’s topic for COETAIL, course 3, was on diversity, equity, inclusion and justice (#DEIJ).

There were some great media to imbibe in, and yes, a protocol. The standout literature was Harro’s Cycle of Socialization.


Something that really stood out to me in Harro’s Cycle is the social and institutional indoctrination piece. We’re born curious and open-minded, yet our moral compass is shaped by those who raise us along with the social and cultural aspects of indoctrination.

Sadly, many humans on our planet remain ignorant, in their comfort zone, and in a “bubble”. This narrow-minded behaviour is almost predictably resilient to change.

Ignorance is not bliss, however.

I’m a white male from a middle-class upbringing. It is my utmost responsibility to check my privilege. ALL. THE. TIME!

Flipgrid: Our Sharing Tool

Using the Text Rendering Protocol (NSRF), my #COETAIL13 cohort and I responded to Harros’ text in Flipgrid, which was a very effective use of educational technology for this purpose. Check out the responses, here.

I really do love Flipgrid; been using it for years.

Here are some ways I’ve used it in my practice:

  • Showcasing writing
  • Book reviews
  • Feedback loops
  • Mentor introductions for PYPx
  • Visual Thinking Routine responses for any subject area, including workshops for staff

Indoctrination: Changing the educational piece

As educators, shaping and moulding the minds of tomorrow, here are some guiding questions and/or precepts:

  • What are we doing to unwrite the telling of history?
  • Are we asking the hard questions?
  • Are we advocating to be the change?
  • What are we willing to risk to step out of the cycle of ignorance?
  • If the institution that you work for won’t break the cycle, are you willing to disrupt it or leave it?
  • Are we making sure that we’re making wide professional learning networks to question our own perspective and ignorance (i.e. not tribally bubbling ourselves into only our current interests)?
  • Are we making sure to value all the diverse perspectives of those in our community, particularly with the media we subject our learners to?

DEIJ – Who are some leaders in this area?

I love the risk-takers who advocate and are extremely passionate about DEIJ.

This list could be quite exhaustive, but here are four standout people:

  • Darnell Fine: In international education, this human is doing remarkable things in education in regards to culturally responsive education surrounding diversity, equity and inclusion.


  • Liz Cho: Liz is an international school principal and has already run several presentations on this topic, particularly in regards to supporting change in leadership. Did you know she’s running a special #PubPDAsia strand this Tuesday on DEIJ through leadership?


  • Justin Garcia: Justin is a passionate advocate for the LGBTQ+ international teaching community and raising awareness around gender pronoun use in educational contexts.


  • Raoul Peck: Haitian activist/filmmaker/writer most likely known for his 2016 film, “I Am Not Your Negro“. His latest work, “Exterminate All The Brutes” challenges history and the way it is told. Peck tells the more accurate, yet utterly depressing, picture. Exterminate All the Brutes storytelling is so eloquently woven through Joseph Conrad’s, “Heart of Darkness“, with Josh Hartnett brilliantly playing the role of the colonizer. An absolute MUST watch!

Challenging perspective/privilege

This is a MUST, too!

In order to challenge and disrupt my social, cultural and institutional upbringing, I’m always reading and “collecting” resources on this topic.

Sharing is caring; here is my Wakelet on the topic of DEIJ.

If you have any great resources you could share, please do!



The art of communicating … collaboratively

Audience. Audience.

Do you know your … audience?

When you’re crafting your message within a medium, how deeply is the audience considered?

This message was at the heart of our focus for our learning this week for COETAIL course 3, week 4.

Less is more

The content and readings always led to this guiding precept – less is more when presenting media to an audience.

Some key takeaways:

  • Powerful, yet simplistic visuals.
  • Less text.
  • Compose like a photographer / graphic designer.
  • Let the visual be the cue to the conversation.

The task

To ground our learning in authenticity, we were asked to redesign a piece of media and seek out feedback to improve it.

Recently, I was asked to co-lead a keynote for an upcoming conference within the organization that owns my school.

Thus, the slide deck presentation will be the example I will talk through below.

The beginning

The conference’s theme, in a nutshell, is about purposeful EdTech integration.

After meeting with my co-presenter and a key organizer from corporate last week, we began our rough brainstorm.

More meetings – more clarity

This week, a more pivotal meeting was held with the majority of presenters and organizers. The meeting offered us a few more guiding directives from the corporation, giving more ideas and direction.

This led to the design of an initial slide deck.

Whilst it’s important, at this stage, to flesh out your thoughts in what you wish to communicate, you must remember not to leave the slides this way.

Thankfully, my co-lead and I are no strangers to these lessons.

The pictures below illustrate our “fleshing out” of ideas, yet we both knew that the slides were in definite need of some “design love”.

Style guide: We asked – they delivered!

Since this was a more corporate-level conference, my co-lead and I wanted to be sure that our communicative message fit the marketing style of the company’s brand.

Our audience is the educators working within schools guided by the mission and vision of this company.

The organization’s lead for this conference provided this style guide below, which was extremely helpful.

Moving forward in collaboration

My presentation partner and I decided to design in Google Slides. The medium makes it simple to not only design in a way to offer maximum creative freedom, but it also offers some key features tailored well to this task.

Best “fit” features of Google Slides for this task:

  • Easy to tag and assign feedback to all necessary stakeholders
  • Internal chat for simple collaboration
  • Simple use of HEX codes to assign colours to match the style guide above
  • Optional add-on features, like my favourite from FlatIcon

After a very productive week, and several feedback loops, my partner and I are getting closer to a finished product.

Final reflections

To be honest, the readings this week weren’t anything new to me.

That is, however, where I am after decades of lifelong learning. Some of these learning experiences include a Master’s in Educational Technology, several certifications and countless collaborative learning conferences.

I do respect that many may not be there yet, in terms of their knowledge and understanding of this timeless concept.

The resources shared this week did review some excellent tips and guiding principles.

More on style guides

Did you know that most media is designed with about five to seven colours, black and white included?

Here are some of my favourite tips and resources when designing.

  • Start with one great image or visual that best suits your message; even better if it’s your own!
  • What colours are represented in that? Match it!
  • Not sure how to match the colours? No problem, Canva‘s got you covered!
  • If you want a bit more support for which colours to choose, Coolors and Adobe have your back, too.
  • Doug Taylor (WAB), also has some great tips offered here. I’ve included one of his awesome “Tips” posters below.

How about you, dear reader?

  • Have any “gold” design tips up your sleeve?
  • What medium do you love to design in most?
  • Any other tips you could share with a design nerd like me? 🤓
Image from Presentation Load

The Delight in Data


“Data will talk to you if you’re willing to listen to it.”  — Jim Bergeson

As I embark upon the halfway point in course three, week three, of my COETAIL journey, this week was all about data storytelling.

In other words, making sense of it all, making it visual, then telling a story with it.

As an educator, this is quite an important skill to develop.

We’re always collecting data (or at least I am). The ability to make connections and illuminate the facts both visually and creatively is something I tend to geek out on.

Personal Strategy One – Tracking feedback loops and submissions

One strategy I use often is a colour coding system.

In this example, I track assignment submission and feedback in Google Sheets. Yellow symbolizes students who are in feedback loops.

White means that I’m still awaiting submission and needs follow-up.

With the data represented this way, I know who still I need to follow up with. If I see too many yellow boxes for one assignment, it also tells me that I need to go back and re-design the assignment to make it more accessible for all and revisit the success criteria with my students.

Personal Strategy Two – Assessment Traffic Lights

When the data is more objective, such as in maths, I organize it on a traffic light system.

What you see above is four learning objectives for a maths unit. “B” means before, or prior knowledge from the pre-assessment, and “A” means after from the post-assessment, which has not been administered yet in the above example.

The colours help me personalize my math instruction. Those green students in the pre-assessment will get more challenge-based tasks and work mostly independently in small collaborative groups.

Yellow get some direct instruction; after close monitoring and anecdotal observations, I may send them off to work independently in small groups on some questions and tasks.

Red students get more support and direct instruction from teachers.

If many children are red in a specific learning objective, it informs me that I need to spend a bit more time in that area.

Once the summative assessment is done, the colours inform individual growth and next steps, and perhaps some learning objectives that need further revisiting.

With the data represented this way, communicating strengths, growth and next steps for reporting is super simple.

COETAIL Course Task |  Design an Infographic

We were asked to create an infographic as part of this week’s assignment.

Since parent, teacher and student conferences are quickly approaching, and my current teaching context is home-based, I figured it would be highly purposeful and authentic to design an infographic about some strategies my learners and I discuss often to be successful each day.

This visual can be presented to my students, as well as serve as a great visual to share at the conferences.

My team and other colleagues within my school may benefit from this visual, too.

In addition, I also thought the wider community may find it purposeful, so I decided to add a Creative Commons license to my work that would suit this.

Some COETAIL reflection questions — answered

  • How did this creation process differ from others? I geek out on this kind of stuff, so I had 100% intrinsic motivation in this week’s task and it was totally in my comfort zone.
  • How did the purpose and intended audience impact the final product? Considering audience should be front and center of any media one is creating. Such a crucial skill to teach our learners. We have a whole unit of inquiry-based on this.

Some questions for you, dear reader!

  • Has this post changed your perspective on data at all? If so, do share…
  • How do you tell stories with your data?
  • What software do you use to tell stories with your data?

Before you go, have you snapped up a Canva educator account?

  • Canva is an amazing digital design tool. Even better, they give premium lifetime accounts to educators.
  • If I’ve piqued your interest, then inquire further here.